Placeholder Picture

Transpersonal Psych

There are many models of the person within the field of psychology. Transpersonal models include aspects of the spiritual. For this presentation Psychosynthesis (1965), one of several Transpersonal models, is used as a vehicle for communicating Meditation with Grace. Roberto Assagioli, a contemporary of Freud and Jung, developed the Psychosynthesis model during his lifetime.

The Psychosynthesis Model of the Person

Placeholder Picture
  1. The Lower Unconscious
  2. The Middle Unconscious
  3. The Higher Unconscious or Super Conscious
  4. The Field of Consciousness
  5. The Conscious Self or " I "
  6. The Higher Self
  7. The Collective Unconscious
The Higher Self

The ability to focus our attention is our most valuable personal freedom. Yet, for most of us our attention is captured by unconscious and sometimes conscious processes. Substratum to these processes is the Higher Self. Meditating with Grace focuses attention/intention with the Higher Self. Grace is very real, subtle and substratum to our everyday experiences.

Within the marketplace our attention is a sought after commodity. By capturing our attention we may be:

  1. Convinced into purchasing a product.
  2. Give labor time and effort to a cause.
  3. View (shine or withhold shattered or coherent intention/attention) favorably or unfavorably upon another person, group or object.

Meditating with Grace is focusing our attention upon or with Grace. Starting with short sessions (1/2 hour) we intend (intention) to focus our awareness upon or with Grace until that intention is interrupted by a thought, revelry of imagination, feeling other than Grace or sensation. We then repeat to attend (attention) to the focus of our intention again and again during the designated session time. As we develop our ability to focus our attention with or upon Grace the sessions are interrupted less and less by thoughts, revelry of imagination, feelings other than Grace and sensations. Our relationship with Grace is a personal experience that each individual works out for themself. We must be careful not to distort our experience (relationship) with neurotic or narcissistic fantasies. If a spiritual crisis emerges we should seek help. Grace manifests within and without and help can sometimes come from a spiritual adviser or mental health professional. During meditation sessions Grace will sometimes feel to be far away from us, sometimes as a beloved we are in relationship with and sometimes closer to us then our very breath, closer than any thought, transcending object/subject boundaries.

Mostly we are unaware or only vaguely aware that there is a Higher Self. Those who seek to transcend the human condition toward the Higher Self find the task impossible from the frame of reference of the Consciousness Self or I. Asking assistance through prayer is essential. Shear will power and determination within the consciousness of the human condition is not capable of transcendence. The Sages have acknowledged this inability. They have also confirmed that transcendence is possible through Grace.

During the beginning of the twentieth century the neophyte field of psychology strived to be considered a science based within classical physics, evolution theory and the scientific method. Roberto Assagioli, decades ahead of his time, realized the importance of the new field but also realized that there was something missing, the Higher Self. During the later half of that century it was demonstrated that not only classical physics but also the new physics of quantum mechanics plays a large part in our ability to perceive our environment. This gave permission for a few scientists and psychologist who had profound experiences of the Higher Self, to communicate and investigate those experiences within their communities.

Common to most transpersonal psychologies and to the teaching of the Sages is a philosophy that is multicultural and transgenerational. This philosophy termed the Perennial Philosophy is categorized into four areas (Huxley, A. in Walsh, 1993).

  1. There is substratum to our experience a Source or Divine Ground that interconnects us to each other, itself and to the environment. There was not a scientific mechanism for understanding the operation of this Source until classical physics was supplemented with quantum mechanics in the twentieth century. During the latter half of that century a few members of the scientific community investigated the hypothesis. There are many outcomes that support the hypothesis. One is Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research, PEAR, (Schoch, 2008). This project placed random number generators throughout the world, monitoring them continuously. During times of national or international focus these generators have significantly become less random and more coherent.
  2. This Source or Divine Ground can be experienced by individuals. Since the latter half of the twentieth century a few trained psychiatrists and psychologists have experienced a consciousness that transcends the personal ego and have communicated the experience using the language of psychology. So have a few scientists, authors, spiritual seekers and even an astronaut. Investigation into these experiences stimulated the growth of transpersonal psychology.
  3. Man has a double nature. It appears that we control ourselves and our environment utilizing a singular personality. However, developmental studies, psychopathology, the phenomena of hypnosis and the placebo effect all support multiplicity. Many ego bound states develop during our lifetime when we have a strong emotion coupled with, beliefs, environmental stimuli and the body’s biochemistry. The way we experience and resolve that situation becomes a neural network within our brains and can be triggered again when similar feelings, environmental stimuli and biochemistry occur. We find ourselves utilizing a pattern to resolve a similar but not exactly the same situation. This is why in retrospect we often ask ourselves, why did I do that? Or we say, “I could have handled that better.”  John Firman and Ann Gila (1997) have identified a cluster of these sub- personalities that center around experiences that failed to reflect the reality of the Higher Self. These failures cause a primal wound and a cluster of sub-personalities based on fear of non-being. Mostly this survival personality operates due to ignorance of the Higher Self which is the Source of our Being. In an environment where the majority of people are ignorant of the Higher Self the survival personality abounds and propagates. The main benefit of being in conscious relationship with the Higher Self is a peace that surpasses all understanding. Since economic advantage, physical health or superiority over others is not the main benefit of the Higher Self, the survival self erroneously, when not ignorant of the Higher Self's existence, places little value on it.
  4. Purpose. As ignorance and devaluing of the Higher Self are lessened peace and harmony within the environment increases.

One way to indirectly describe the Higher Self is to use an energy model developed by John and Helen Watkins called Ego States (1997). In this theory the Higher Self is not mentioned but energies deriving from the Higher Self are examined from the reference point of the Conscious Self or I. The primary unit of light is a photon. Depending upon the experimenters desire this photon of light can be experienced through analytical measurement as a waveform (field) or as a particle. Similarly, energies of the Higher Self are experienced by the Conscious Self or I as ego cathexis and object cathexis.

Ego cathexis performs two notable functions. The first is that of an energy that activates a process and the second is the process of the feeling of selfness. This ego cathexis associates itself with mental and/or physiological sensations and attaches. This causes boundaries to form of I and mine, activating that content which then becomes personal (my). During deep sleep the ego cathexis withdraws from the content. The theorist realize this is a living energy with the possibility of transcending death of the body. Watkins (1978) defined Primary Awareness as "the awareness of existence that may inhere in "self energy" independent of any impact by objects" (p. 519).

Object cathexis is a non-living "it" energy. The Conscious Self or I does not realize an object outside of itself until that object impacts The Conscious Self or I through the senses. This energy model views existence as created from the impact of object cathexis upon ego cathexis. 

The Higher Self when interpreted by the Conscious Self or I is paradoxical. It is not ego cathexis or object cathexis (transcendent) but at the same time it is ego cathexis and object cathexis (immanence). Grace is a constant of the Higher Self. However, because of the Conscious Self or I's entanglement within the field of consciousness this constant is not always realized.

Grace is radiated from the Higher Self and experienced by the Conscious Self or I as the ability to be immanent and at the same time transcendent. To be immanent is to be close, entwined within. To be transcendent is to be able to experience independent of entwinement. Using the language of the energy model, ego cathexis uses libido force to integrate and mortido force to differentiate. When this split of energies is not balanced communication and flow from the Higher Self is distorted causing psychological, physical and relational problems.

The Conscious Self or I

Thoughts, beliefs, feelings, sensation and revelry of imagination which we are aware of and which are constantly changing from one instance to another make up the Field of Consciousness. This awareness can help us to transcend or dis-identify from the contents within the Field of Consciousness directly experiencing the Conscious Self or I. Using the language of the energy model a core self (ego) expands or contracts its permeable boundaries to include or exclude psychological and sensory content. Ego states that developed to negotiate the environment are directly or indirectly included in this expansion and contraction. When an ego states boundaries are not permeable then the ego state is dissociated from the core self.

Using our awareness we realize that thoughts, beliefs, feelings, sensations and revelry of imagination constantly change but our awareness does not. This awareness without content is our Conscious Self or I. There is abundant research, literature and exercises to help us realize the differences between our Conscious Self or I and the content we confuse to be ourself. Their positive use is to help us realize the Higher Self (Anonymous 1975, Goldsmith 1992, James 2007, Langford 2007, Peace Pilgrim 1991, Roberts 2005, Robertson 2000, ) or to help us overcome our neurosis through psychological awareness becoming Self Actualized People (Maslow 1987) or a combination of both (Almaas 1988, Assagioli 1965, Brown 2004, Deikman 1982, Firman 1997, Fredrick 1999, Rama 1976, Robertson 2001, Wolinsky 1999).

Once we realize our Conscious Self or I we intend (intend) to form and maintain a Unified Synthesis Center (Assagioli 1965) between our Conscious Self or I and the Higher Self by focusing attention (repetition) upon Grace. We know Grace exists because we have experienced it (see Meditating with Grace) and have named that experience Grace. As the conscious Self or I focuses attention, without content, upon Grace the subtle reality of the Higher Self is experienced. Fear, abandonment and rejection are lessened and love, unity and peace are heightened. As the meditation practice grows through repeated effort and will, the boundaries between the Conscious Self or I as subject and the Higher Self as object become more permeable.

The Unconscious

The unconscious is an autonomous storage system of sensory data and patterns of behavior developed over time to negotiate the environment and relationships within the environment. These patterns are strategies previously developed to handle environment situations of coping and adaptation the best way we could at the time. Often they serve us well, giving many of us the ability to walk or ingest food without the interference of conscious effort. Some previously served us well but are no longer appropriate such as tantrums that served us as children to gain control but are not appropriate within adult relationship. Often they are cued by the environment and are attached to contents of thoughts, beliefs and feelings making them state bound, manifesting whenever similar contents of thoughts, beliefs and feelings are cued within the environment. Being state bound to thoughts, beliefs and feelings they can appear as sub-personalities and are the reason why many of us have behaved in a manner that we later regret.

Sporadic affirmations will not program the unconscious. According to the von Neumann/Stapp model to program the unconscious intention must be reinforced by attention in rapid and repeated succession. This causes the quantum wave form to endure longer. Maintaining the wave form longer retards a natural decoherence of neurons enabling coherence within the neural networks forming templates for action.

There is a paradigm shift in science currently occurring. Extrasensory perception has been proven experimentally (subtle) with supporting statistics (Radin 2006). Within the human body there are sub atomic processes occurring that need the more accurate physics of quantum mechanics for explanation. Based within research of how human intention and attention influence the physical world it is suspected that the calcium ion channels within the human nervous system are influenced by quantum mechanics (Eccles 1994, Stapp 2007). This influence is another regulator on when and where neurons within the brain fire, making possible quantum perception. The physics of quantum mechanics differs from classical physics. In classical physics observing the phenomena has no influence upon the phenomena. In quantum physics the observation influences the phenomena. In classical physics the proximity of an object or force influence phenomena. In quantum physics there is entanglement and proximity is not a factor. Extrasensory perception can be explained with the realization that our nervous systems are entangled within a quantum field making subtle quantum perception possible along side of classical perception (Radin 2006).

Classical Physics
Quantum Physics
Reality Causality
Independent of our viewing Time moves only forward
Dependent on our viewing
Dependent on frame of reference
Continuous smooth progress
Given all variables outcome is certain
Outcome is not certain

This subtle field to which we are all connected is continually communicating with us through quantum perception along side of classical perception.

Some important aspects of quantum perception:

von Neumann/Stapp model
Process Zero
Non Local - Being Human
The freedom of choice not based within determinism.
Process One
Non local- Psychological
Local- Physical, mechanical

The probing action that partitions an infinite amount of possibilities into a countable amount of alternative possibilities. Based on the choice (yes, not yes) made by the human agent. Process One (Von Neumann/Heisenberg cut). Outcome is influenced but not determined. Determination is selected through Process Three.
Process Two
Local- Mechanical
The Quantum mechanics performed by Schrodinger's equation. A mechanistic law of quantum evolution.
Process Three
Local- Mechanical
Statistical rules of probability that chose how Process One will manifest within nature. Nature's feedback to process one.
Collapse of the wave function.

Meditating with Grace and TranspersonalPsych
  1. During the first step of Meditation with Grace we become in touch with our Conscious Self or I putting aside the content that we think of as ourselves training to do this with a chosen dis-identification exercise.
  2. Once we find this core awareness we couple it to Grace, accomplishing this by recognizing the reality of Grace and Grace's ability to be immanent and transcendent. This is our intention.
  3. We then focus this intention until a thought, revelry of imagination, feeling other than Grace or sensation distracts us. Intention is again attended to repeatedly until the designated practice period is finished. What we are doing is developing a Template for Action (Stapp 2007) within the unconscious, or a Unified Synthesis Center (Assagioli 1965) learning to rest within Grace.
Eccles-Beck Model

This model is similar to the von Neumann/Stapp model in that quantum mechanics influence the release of neurotransmitters via calcium ion channels but differ in that each cerebral cortex dendron is controlled by an unseen mental unit termed a Psychron. A second difference is that personal will influences process three probabilities. In the von Neumann/Stapp model personal will can only influence Process One via the Quantum Zeno Effect.


Meditating with Grace

Being in the human condition can be difficult. We constantly find ourselves being captured by thoughts, emotions and situations that go against our desire for happiness. Yet, the human condition is extremely precious because what is unconscious and unrecognized in animals can be made conscious and recognized while in the human condition.
Meditation can be used to make the unconscious conscious. There are many different forms of meditation; this writing tries to communicate meditating with Grace. Readers will have to look within themselves to interpret the meaning according to their experience. This is not a proprietary method of meditation belonging to any individual or group. Grace is a universal experience substratum to the human condition.
Most of us have had a subtle experience of Grace. It might manifest as an ability to go through a difficult situation realizing that there was something not seemingly of you that helped you overcome. This ability to endure might have been psychological, physical, or relational. This experience is easily pushed to the unconscious and forgotten.
Not so easily forgotten are those who have had Near Death Experiences and have felt Grace while not being fully within the body. They report feeling an overwhelming sense of love and caring that goes beyond anything that is experienced while in the human condition. This is usually a life changing experience.
There are accomplished meditators who while in meditation connect with a consciousness different from the human condition. While in this consciousness they are in relationship with a reality that is substratum to the human condition. Crime rates in large cities have been repeatedly reduced during scheduled group meditation.
Rarely a person born into the human condition manifests the ability to transcend the consciousness of the human condition and remain within the consciousness of Turiya continually. These beings are one with Grace but still have a connection with the human condition. Their experience of reality substratum to the human condition is not distorted.
Suggestion for making the body comfortable
Make the body comfortable, sitting in a chair or on a cushion. The back should be naturally straight and the head upright. Shoulders should be square with hands on lap upwards one placed on top of the other.
Suggestion for Meditating with Grace
Focus on the word symbol Grace. Try to remember an experience that you had with Grace. Possibly during a situation that was difficult but somehow you found within an ability to be kind and loving to yourself or another.
When you are ready, try to feel Grace.
This feeling will last for only a few seconds before a thought or another feeling interrupts.
What we are doing is focusing our attention on a word symbol that has meaning because we have experienced it. Because we have experienced it we know how it feels. By doing many repetitions during a meditation session of focusing our attention upon the feeling of Grace it becomes easier to focus attention for longer periods.
Grace is much closer to us than we realize. The ability to focus attention is of Grace.


Almaas, A (1988). The Pearl Beyond Price: Integration of Personality into Being; An Object Relations Approach. Berekley: Diamond Books.
Anonymous (1975). A Course in Miracles. Mill Valley, CA: Foundation for Inner Peace
Assagioli, R. (1965). Psychosynthesis: A Manual of Principles and Techniques. New York: Hobbs,Doorman & Co.
Assagioli, R. (1973). The Act of Will. Maryland: Penquin Books
Assagioli, R. (1991). Transpersonal Development: The Dimensions Beyond. Psychosynthesis. London: Crucible
Botkin. A., Hogan, C. (2005). Induced After Death Communication: A New Therapy for Healing Grief and Trauma. Charlottsville: Hampton Roads
Brown, M. (2004). Unfolding Self: The Practice of Psychosynthesis. New York: Helios Press
Carter, R. (2008). Multiplicity: The New Science of Personality, Identity, and the Self. New York: Little,Brown and Co.
Chetsang, Rinpoche (1999). The Practice of Mahamudra. New York: Snow Lion Pub.
Deikman, A (1982). The Observing Self: Mysticism and Psychotherapy. Boston: Beacon Press
Eccles, J. (1994). How the Self controls its Brain. New York: Springer-Verlag
Firman, J., Gila, A. (2000). Psychosynthesis: An essential text. California: Psychosynthesis Palo Alto
Firman, J., Gila, A. (1997). The Primal Wound: A Transpersonal View of Trauma, Addiction, and Growth. New York: SUNY Press
Frederick, C., McNeal, S (1999). Inner Strengths: Contemporary Psychotherapy and Hypnosis for Ego-Strengthening. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.
Goldsmith, J (1992). Living by Grace. The Path to Inner Discovery. New York: HarperCollins
Hagelin, J., Rainforth, M., Orme-Johnson, D., Cavanaugh, K., Alexander, N., Shatkin, S, Davies, J., Hughes, A., Ross, E. (1999). Effects of group practice of the Transcendental Meditation program on preventing violent crime in Washington D.C.: Results of the National Demonstration Project, June-July, 1993. Social Indicators Research, 47(2) 153-201
Hawkins, D. (2003). I : Reality and Subjectivity. Arizona: Veritas Publishing
James, M. (2007). Happiness and the Art of Being. A layman's introduction to the philosophy and practice of the spiritual teachings of Bhagavan Sri Ramana. Victoria: Trafford Pub.
Kimble, G. (1996). Psychology: the hope of a science. Massachusetts: The MIT Press
Langford, M. (2007). The Most Direct and Rapid Means to Eternal Bliss. The Freedom Religion Press
Maslow, A. (1987). Motivation and Personality. 3rd ed . New York: Harper and Row.
McTaggart, L. (2002). The Field: The quest for the secret force of the universe. NewYork: HarperCollins.
Meriam, C. (1994). Digging Up the Past: Object Relations and Subpersonalities. Palo Alto: Psychosynthesis Palo Alto
Mitchell, E. (2008). The Way of the Explorer. An Apollo astronaut's journey through the material and mystical worlds: New Jersey: New Page Books
Peace Pilgrim (1991): Her life and work in her own words. New Mexico: Ocean Tree Book
Radin, D. (1997). The Conscious Universe: The scientific truth of psychic phenomena. New York: HaperCollins
Radin, D. (2006). Entangled Minds: Extrasensory Experiences in a Quantum Reality. New York: Paraview Pocket Books
Roberts, B. (2005). What is Self. A study of the spiritual journey in terms of consciousness. Boulder: Sentient Publications
Rama, Swami (1976) Life Here and Hereafter. Illinois: Himalayan international institute (added August 2016)
Robertson, J (1997). Death of the Hero Birth of the Soul: Answering the call to midlife. Tulsa: Council Oaks Books
Robertson, J (2000). Ordinary Enlightenment: Experiencing God's Presence in Everyday Life. Unity Village, Missouri: Unity House
Robertson, J (2001). But Where is God?: Psychotherapy and the Religious Search. New York: Troista Books
Savitripriya, Swami (1991) Psychology of Mystical Awakening: Patanjali Yoga Sutras.California:New Life Books.
Schoch, R.,Yonavjak, L. (2008). The Parapsychology Revolution: A concise anthology of Paranormal and Psychical Reasearch. New York: Tarcher/Penguin,
Schwartz, G., Russek, L. (1999), The Living Energy Universe: A fundamental discovery that transforms science & medicine. Virginia: Hampton Roads Publishing.
Scotton, B., Chonen, A., Battista, J. (1996). Textbook of Transpersonal Psychitry and Psychology. New York: BasicBooks
Stapp, H. (2007). Mindful Universe: Quantum Mechanics and the participating observer. New York: Springer
Swanson,C (2003). The Synchronized Universe: New Science of the Paranormal. Arizona: Poseida Press
Tiller, W., Dibble, W., Kohane, M. (2001). Conscious Acts of Creations: The emergence of a new physics. California: Pavior Publishing
Walsh,W., Vaughan, F. (1993) Paths Beyond Ego: The Transpersonal Vision. New York: Tarcher/Putnams Books.
Washburn, M. (1994). Transpersonal Psychology in Psychoanalytic Perspective. New York: SUNY Press
Watkins, J. (1978). The Therapeutic Self: Developing Resonance-Key to Effective Relationships. New York: Human Science Press
Watkins, J., Watkins, H. (1997). Ego States: Theory and Therapy. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.
Weiner, D. (2005). Reality Check: What your mind knows, but isn't telling you. Amherst: Prometheus Books
Wolinsky, S. (1999). The Way of the Human: The Quantum Psychology Notebooks. California: The Quantum Inst.

© 2008- 2023 all rights reserved